Scholarly Work and Sources

(in chronological order)  [studies on the Netherlands: see bottom om this page]

Alex K. Gearin, ‘Primitivist medicine and capitalist anxieties in ayahuasca tourism Peru’, in:  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 28,2 (2022) p. 496-515

Charlotte I.E.A. van ’t Klooster, Saamaka uwii. Saramaccan medical plant knowledge, practices and beliefs for local health care in Suriname (Leiden dissertation 2022; at:

Dori-Michelle Beeler and Jojan L. Jonker. 2020. Reiki Practice and Surrender. An Intersection of Body Spirituality and Religion. Berlin: LIT Verlag.

Marc S. Micozzi (ed.). 2019. Fundamentals of Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Medicine. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier, 6th ed.

Andrea Kitta. 2019. ‘American Folk Medicine and Health Practices’, in: Simon J. Bronner, The Oxford Handbook of American Folklore and Folklife Studies. Oxford: OUP: 492-506.

Dorothea Lüddeckens & Monika Schrimpf (eds.). 2018. Medicine – Religion – Spirituality Global Perspectives on Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Healing. Bielefeld: Transcript. [open access:]

Edzard Ernst & Kevin Smith. 2018. More Harm than Good? The Moral Maze of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Cham: Springer.

Elina Hytönen-Ng. 2016. The Role of Anthropological Literature in Contemporary Shamanic Practices. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures 25, p. 47-63.

Jojan Jonker. 2016. Reiki. The Transmigration of a Japanese Spiritual Healing Practice. Berlijn: Lit-Verlag.

Paul A. Offit. 2015. Bad Faith. When Religious Belief Undermines Modern Medicine. New York: Basic Books.

Nicola K. Gale and Jean V. McHale (eds.). 2015. Routledge Handbook of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Perspectives from Social Science and Law. London: Routledge.

Mirko Uhlig, Michael Simon & Johanne Lefeldt (eds.). 2015 Sinnentwürfe in prekären Lebenslagen. Interdisziplinäre Blicke auf heterodoxe Phänomene des Heilens und ihre Funktionen im Alltag. Münster: Wachsmann.

Yael Keshet & Dalit Simchai. 2014. The ‘gender puzzle’ of alternative medicine and holistic spirituality. A literature review, in: Social Science & Medicine 113 (July) p. 77-86.

Candy Gunther Brown. 2013. The Healing Gods. Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Christian America. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Petra Plunger. 2013. Heilsames Erzählen. Krankheitsnarrative am Beispiel der homöopathischen Behandlung und Betreuung. New York: Springer.

Anamaria I. Ross. 2012. The Anthropology of Alternative Medicine. London: Berg.

Marion Goldman (2012), The American Soul Rush. Esalen and the Rise of Spiritual Privilege: New York: NY UP.

Steven Barrie-Anthony. 2012. ‘Alternative Medicine in the Press’, in: Diane Winston (ed.),  The Oxford Handbook of Religion and the American News Media. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 361-376.

Ehler Voss (2011), Mediales Heilen in Deutschland. Eine Ethnographie. Berlin: Reimer.

Benjamin D. Koen (ed.). 2011. The Oxford handbook of medical ethnomusicology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ruth Barcan. 2011. Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Bodies, Therapies, Senses. London: Berg.

Patrice Cohen et. al. (2010), Des systèmes pluriels de recours non conventionnels des personnes atteintes de cancer. Une approche socio-anthropologique comparative (France, Belgique, Suisse). Boulogne: Institut National du Cancer (INCA).

Michael Winkelman (2010), Shamanism. A Biopsychosocial Paradigm of Consciousness and Healing. 2nd ed. Santa Barbara: Praeger.

Sipco J. Vellenga (2008), Longing for Health. A Practice of Religious Healing and Biomedicine compared. Journal of Religion and Health, 47, 326-337. Open access: Article

Ellen Badone (2008), Illness, Biomedicine and Alternative Healing in Brittany, France, in: Medical Anthropology: Cross-Cultural Studies in Health and Illness 27(2), p. 190-218.

Edzard Ernst, Max H Pittler, Barbara Wider, and Kate Boddy. 2008. Oxford Handbook of Complementary Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

James A. Aho & Kevin Aho (2008), Body matters. A phenomenology of sickness, disease, and illness. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Claire Hoertz Badaracco (2007), Prescribing Faith. Medicine, Media, and Religion in American Culture. Waco TX: Baylor UP.

Gerard Bodeker & Gemma Burford. 2007. Traditional, complementary and alternative medicine. Policy and public health perspectives. London: Imperial College Press.

Roberta Bivins. 2007. Alternative medicine? A history. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Linda L. Barnes & Inés Talamantez (2006), Teaching Religion and Healing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tom Heller et al. (2005), Perspectives on Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Milton Park / Milton Keynes: Routledge / Open University.

Galina Lindquist (2005), Healers, Leaders and Entrepreneurs: Shamanic Revival in Southern Siberia. Culture & religion 6, 263-285.

Laurence J. Kirmayer. 2004. The cultural diversity of healing: meaning, metaphor and mechanism. British Medical Bulletin 69: 33-48.

Nadja Durbach. 2004. Bodily Matters. The Anti-Vaccination Movement in England, 1853-1907. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Linda L. Barnes & Susan S. Sered (eds.). 2004. Religion and Healing in America. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Welch, John S. 2003. Ritual in Western Medicine and its Role in Placebo Healing. Journal of Religion and Health. 42 (1): 21–33.

Thomas J. Csordas. 2002. Body/Meaning/Healing. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

James C. Whorton. 2002. Nature Cures. The History of Alternative Medicine in America. Oxford: Oxford UP.

Erika Brady (2001), Healing Logics. Culture and Medicine in Modern Health Belief Systems. Logan UT: Utah State UP.

Harold. G. Koenig et al. (eds) (2001), Handbook of Religion and Health. Oxford: Oxford UP.

Hans A. Baer (2001), Biomedicine and alternative healing systems in America. Issues of class, race, ethnicity, and gender. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Marion Bowman (ed.) (2000), Healing and Religion. Enfield Lock: Hisarlik Press.

Stephen J. Pullum (1999), Foul Demons, Come Out!: The Rhetoric of Twentieth-Century American Faith Healing. ABC-Clio.

Michael M. Mendiola (1999), Helping and Healing: Religious Commitment in Health Care. Theological Studies, 60.

Jacqueline Schärli (1998), Die heile Welt der Blütentropfen: Funktion und Bedeutung der Bachblütentherapie als Beispiel einer alternativen Heilmethode. Zürich: Chronosverlag.

Thomas J. Csordas (1997), The sacred self. A cultural phenomenology of charismatic healing. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Robert Jütte (1996), Geschichte der alternativen Medizin. Von der Volksmedizin zu den unkonventionellen Therapien von Heute. München: Beck.

Stephen Fulder (ed.). 1996. The Handbook of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. The Most Authoritative and Complete Guide to Alternative Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bente Gullveig Alver (1995), The Bearing of Folk Belief on Cure and Healing. Journal of Folklore Research, 32.

Bonnie Clair O’Connor (1995), Healing Traditions. Alternative Medicien and the Health Professions. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Torunn Selberg (1995), Faith Healing and Miracles: Narratives About Folk Medicine. Journal of Folklore Research, 32.

Arthur W. Hafner et al. (eds) (1993), Readers Guide to Alternative Health methods. Chicago: American Medical Association.

Larry Dossey, Healing Words. The Power of Prayer and the Practice of Medicine. New York: HarperCollins.

Stephen Barrett and William T. Jarvis (eds) (1993), The Health Robbers. A close look at Quackery in America. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books. 

James Kirkland et al. (eds) (1992), Herbal and Magical Medicine. Traditional Healing Today. Durham: Duke University Press.

Thomas J. Csordas, (1990), Embodiment as a paradigm for Anthropology. Ethos, 18:5-47.

Anees A. Sheikh & Katharina S. Sheikh (eds.) (1989), Eastern and western approaches to healing. Ancient wisdom and modern knowledge (new York: Wiley.

Meredith B. McGuire (1988), Ritual Healing in Suburban America. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP.Francis X. Grollig and Harold B. Haley (eds.) (1976), Medical Anthropology. The Hague: Mouton.

Günter Wiegelmann (ed.) (1987), Volksmedizin heute. Materialien und Studien. Münster: F. Coppenrath Verlag.

Nancy Scheper-Hughes & Margaret M. Lock (1987) The Mindful Body. A Prolegomenon to Future Work. Medical Anthropology. Medical Anthropology Quarterly (1): 6-41.

Healing Practices (1977). An Annotated Bibliography of Non-Western Tribal Healing Practices, and a Speculative Essay on the Non-Specific Common Elements in the Therapeutic Situation Across Cultures. Nijmegen: Catholic University.

Michael Owen Jones (1972), Why faith healing? Ottawa: National Museum of Man.

William H.R. Rivers (1924), Medicine, Magic and Religion [The Fitzpatrick lectures of 1915/6]. London: Routledge [reprint 2001].

Source Material (English)

Marc S. Micozzi (ed.). 2019. Fundamentals of Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Medicine. St. Louis, Missouri : Elsevier 6th ed.

Chun-Su Yuan, Eric J. Bieber and Brent Bauer (eds.). 2006. Textbook of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. London: Routledge.

Scott Shannon (ed.). 2002. Handbook of Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Mental Health. St. Louis, Missouri : Elsevier.

Donald G. Brookes (1982), The Miracle Power Of Psychic Healing Folkestone, Finbarr Book Promotions.

J.G. Hallimand (1916), The Miracle of Answered Prayer. New York: The Christian Herald. 1st edition.

Conference (2014) on Parapsychological Archives

On the Netherlands (chronologically; mostly in Dutch)

Rianne Kloosterman (2019), Alternatieve geneeswijzen: contact en opvattingen. The Hague: CBS. [download page]

Marcel De Cleene. 2019.
De historia naturalis. Geschiedenis van de kruidengeneeskunde. Gorredijk: Sterck & De Vreese.

Peter Jan Margry. 2018.
Healing en ‘alternatief’ genezen  Een culturele diagnose. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. [open access book]

Cees Renckens. 2016. “Er bestaat niets beters”. Reclame voor kwakzalvers, vroeger en nu. Amsterdam: Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Ingrid E. Kloosterman. 2016. Wetenschap van gene zijde. Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse parapsychologie in de twintigste eeuw (dissertation RU Utrecht).

Sipco J. Vellinga. 2008. Verlangen naar gezondheid. Een religieuze en biomedische genezingspraktijk met elkaar vergeleken. In: M.D.J. van Well (ed.) Deus et Machina. De verwevenheid van technologie en religie.  Den Haag: STT, 166-173.

Cees Renckens (2005), Dwaalwegen in de geneeskunde. Over alternatieve geneeswijzen, modeziekten en kwakzalverij. Amsterdam: Bert Bakker.

Amanda Kluveld et al. (eds.) (2005),  Genezen. Opstellen bij het afscheid van Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra. Amsterdam: Amsterdam UP.

Hugo S. Verbrugh & Maud Kips (2004), Al te naïeve geneeskunde. Materiaal voor de vorming van een oordeel over alternatieve geneeswijzen (Kampen: Klement).

Cor Hoffer (2000), Volksgeloof en religieuze geneeswijzen onder moslims in Nederland. Amsterdam: Thela Thesis. [dissertation]

Willem de Blécourt (1999), Het Amazonenleger. Irreguliere genezeressen in Nederland 1850-1930. Amsterdam: Amsterdam UP.

Meerten ter Borg, Sjaak van der Geest & Jacques Janssen, Op zoek naar hoop, Over genezing, magie en religie. Nijmegen: KSGV, 1997.

Robert Kranenborg (ed.) (1993), Religieuze bewegingen in Nederland, 27. Genezing en religie. Amsterdam: VU uitgeverij.

Ingeborg de Jong (1992), Islam, magie en genezingspraktijken. Aspecten van traditionele geneeskunde in het islamitisch cultuurbereik. Driebergen: Hogeschool De Horst.

Marijke Grijswijt-Hofstra (ed.) (1991) Geloven in genezen. Bijdragen tot de sociaal-culturele geschiedenis van de geneeskunde in Nederland = Volkskundig Bulletin 17,2, p. 117-221.

C. van der Laan (1990), Protestantse gebedsgenezers in Nederland, in: Documentatieblad voor de Nederlandse kerkgeschiedenis na 1800, 13, no. 32, p. 32-50.

Hans van Bree, ‘Een religieuze aanraking’ in de winter van 1949. Wilhemina’s overgave aan Greet Hoffmans, in: Mirjam de Baar, Yme Kuiper en Hans Renders (red.), Biografie en religie. De religieuze factor in de biografie. Amsterdam: Boom.

Johan van Uffelen (1989), Helers en heiligen. Volksgenezers en wonderdoeners in Brabant. Hilversum: Gooi en Sticht.

Johannes T.M. Attevelt, Research into paranormal healing. Utrecht: Rijksuniversiteit. [dissertation]

A. van der Velden (1986), Bibliografie alternatieve geneeskunde. Utrecht: NIVEL.

Alternatieve Geneeswijzen in Nederland (1981) Rapport van de Commissie Alternatieve geneeswijzen. Den Haag: Staatsuitgeverij.

Ann Hill (ed.) (1980), Alternatieve en natuurlijke geneeswijzen. Amsterdam: Becht. [vertaling van A visual encyclopedia of unconventional medicine (1978)]

Paul A. van Dijk (1976), Geneeswijzen in Nederland. Compendium van niet-universitaire geneesmethoden. Deventer: Ankh-Hermes. (veel vermeerderde 9e druk uit 2003)

C.W. Aakster (1975), Patiëntenmotieven en niet-officiële genezers, in: Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde 119, p. 1611-1619.

Verslag (1975) van het KNMG-congres ‘De Geneeskunde en haar Randgebieden’, in: Medisch Contact 30, p. 1322-1334.

L.F. Bakker (1969), Kwakzalverij en onbevoegd uitoefenen der geneeskunst. Assen: Van Gorcum.

David K. de Jongh (1943), Critische beschouwingen over de homoeopathie. Ontstaan, ontwikkeling en wezen van dit therapeutische stelsel. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Mij. [dissertation]

Source Material (Dutch)

Jan Dries. 2019. Genezen met kruiden. Gorredijk: Sterck & De Vreese.